detoxification is largely dependent on a healthy, balanced relationship between
the exposure to external toxins, the production of internal toxins from normal
metabolism and the ability of the body, in particular the liver and the
kidneys, to process and remove them.
caused by exposure to preservatives, pesticide and herbicide residues,
insecticides along with high-sugar, high-starch, highly processed feeds can
also contribute to sluggish elimination and detoxification processes.
environmental and feed related toxins which cannot be eliminated efficiently
can result an overloaded immune system particularly affecting the skin and
respiratory systems of the horse. Intolerances and allergies can provoke symptoms
such as coughing, breathing difficulties, poor coat and hooves, skin rashes and
happens in the horse?
The immune system
is extremely complex in the horse, but in a true allergic response the horse
becomes hypersensitive to particular allergens, for example pine pollen can
cause coughing and asthma attacks when ever the horse is exposed to this
particular allergen. Immunity involves activation of specific lymphocytes that
combat a particular pathogen or foreign substance.
The body system
that carries out immune responses is the lymphatic system.
Victoria Ferguson writes in her book ‘Horse herbal’ that antibodies circulate
throughout the body in the gamma globulin portion of the plasma in the blood.
In allergic reactions portions of the antibodies attach to mast cells which
release histamine when the matching antigen is encountered.
True allergy lasts
forever because antibody levels never completely disappear from the body, ready
to circulate and act again upon allergen exposure.
Dr Eleanor Kellon,
VMD and Horse Nutritionist writes that the first line of defense of the
respiratory system is a mucus layer on all surfaces. This traps potential
irritants and is a barrier to invaders. There is a rich antioxidant system to
both combat incoming problems and protect the tissues from immune system
responses. The local immune system is robust but may also be triggered to have
strong reactions against irritants and potential allergens.
The following specific
nutrients can support healthy toxic processing and elimination to provide
support for the detoxification systems, support the respiration and lung function.
DL-Methionine, the sulphur containing amino acid, is an effective
detoxifier of arsenic.
MSM supports healthy detoxification processes, kidney and
liver function and oxidative reactions.
It is also effective at improving arsenic elimination.
Magnesium supports cellular energy production, healthy glucose
metabolism and acts as a buffer for the acids from toxic exposure and
L-Carnitine is essential
in the healthy processing of fatty acids as a source of energy, contributes to
healthy endocrine balance and aids in the detoxification of the most common
full vitamin mineral supplement containing:
Niacin (B3), Calcium Pantothenate (B5), Thiamine
(B1), Pyridoxine (B6), Riboflavin (B2) and Vitamin B12
support healthy liver function, energy production, metabolic balance, stress
recovery and detoxification.
including Vitamin E support healthy cellular function, help reduce
excessive oxidative stress and protect against free radical damage.
Vitamin C is a major antioxidant in the lung and known to be in
high concentration in lung tissues and secretions.
Zinc and Copper have synergistic roles in helping
combat environmental toxic effects, reducing excessive oxidation and supporting
Chromium supports normal, healthy glucose metabolism and
Selenium directly supports healthy detoxification mechanisms,
supports liver function, helps fight the effect of
environmental toxins and exhibits a cellular protective benefit.
herbal mix by an equine practitioner for a full 12 weeks along with a
formulated diet is often the best defense when dealing with viruses, allergies
and the immune system.
Some useful herbs include:
Echinacea the researched and proven antiseptic, immune system
boosting herb that is a prophylactic to prevent infection from contagious viral
and bacterial infection. Also, a detoxification of resistant infections.
Euphorbia is used for allergic rhinitis and upper respiratory
allergies as it is anti-asthmatic and anti-spasmodic to the bronchi.
such as Elecampane or coltsfoot and thyme for respiratory viruses.
Liquorice is an extremely effective expectorant and also an
adrenal booster to help energy levels. This is a particularly for horses whose
allergies need to be managed by cortisone, as it stimulates the body’s own
production of cortisol.
Chamomile is a safe and gentle antispasmodic, calming herb.
Yarrow for tissue repair of damages lungs or airways.
Grindelia stimulates bronchial cilia to move normally thus
reducing breathing difficulties it is also a mucous expectorant.
Gingko is an antioxidant, anti-allergy, anti-histamine,
anti-inflammatory, circulatory stimulant that improves blood flow though the
Jiaogulan (Gynostemma pentaphyllum) has many health promoting
properties. Assistance in maintaining relaxed, open airways.
Spirulina is a fresh water, nontoxic, blue-green algae with
some unique properties. In addition to excellent antioxidant capacity,
Spirulina helps maintain balanced immune function and antibody production as
well as stability of the mast cells which store histamine.
MSM and Grapeseed meal and extract are also potent antioxidants in the respiratory system, while citrus bioflavonoids both help bolster antioxidant defenses and contribute to the health of the fragile network of capillaries where gas exchange occurs.
Co enzyme Q10 is also a powerful antioxidant, capable of regenerating other antioxidants, such as vitamin E and vitamin C. In horses, certain forms of CoQ10 are absorbed well and supplementation has been shown to increase CoQ10 levels in serum and muscle.
DL Equine 22 December 2019